Diamonds may be a girl’s best friend, but we bet these Livermore Lab scientists are feeling the love:
How diamonds and lasers can recreate Jupiter’s core
Understanding what the insides of the biggest planets in the universe has been largely wrapped up in theories. Now scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Lab have recreated these conditions with the help of diamonds and the world’s largest laser:
Though diamond is the least compressible material known, the researchers were able to compress it to an unprecedented density, greater than lead at ambient conditions.
The hope is to understand how these planets evolve over time by being able to reproduce their immense pressures. You can read more about it here.
While this may look like an EKG, it’s actually what a cough looks like in a .wav file (before getting edited out).
In my early time on all 10 UC campuses, it became clear that some of the most exciting research often occurs when multiple disciplines come together around a single research topic.UC President Janet Napolitano
The banana slug is the mascot of the University of California, Santa Cruz, but ‘sluggish’ is hardly what you’d call the undergrads participating in the campus’ SLUG internship. Astrophysicist Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz explains that SLUG stands for Supercomputer Lab for Undergraduates.
Novel Technologies Advance Brain Surgery to Benefit Patients
Minimally invasive brain surgery at UC San Diego Health System
In a milestone procedure, neurosurgeons at UC San Diego Health System have integrated advanced 3D imaging, computer simulation and next-generation surgical tools to perform a highly complex brain surgery through a small incision to remove deep-seated tumors. This is the first time this complex choreography of technologies has been brought together in an operating room in California.
“Tumors located at the base of the skull are particularly challenging to treat due to the location of delicate anatomic structures and critical blood vessels,” said neurosurgeon Clark C. Chen, MD, PhD, UC San Diego Health System. “The conventional approach to excising these tumors involves long skin incisions and removal of a large piece of skull. This new minimally invasive approach is far less radical. It decreases the risk of the surgery and shortens the patient’s hospital stay.”
“A critical part of this surgery involves identifying the neural fibers in the brain, the connections that allow the brain to perform its essential functions. The orientation of these fibers determines the trajectory to the tumor,” said Chen, vice-chairman of Academic Affairs for the Division of Neurosurgery at UC San Diego School of Medicine. “We visualized these fibers with restriction spectrum imaging, a proprietary technology developed at UC San Diego. Color-coded visualization of the tracts allows us to plot the safest path to the tumor.”
After surgery planning, a 2-inch incision was made near the patient’s hairline, followed by a quarter-sized hole in the skull. The surgery was carried out through a thin tube-like retractor that created a narrow path to the tumor. Aided by a robotic arm and high-resolution cameras, the team was able to safely remove two tumors within millimeter precision.
“What we are seeing is a new wave of advances in minimally invasive surgery for patients with brain cancer,” said Bob Carter, MD, PhD, professor and chief of Neurosurgery, UC San Diego School of Medicine. “These minimally invasive approaches permit smaller incisions and a shorter recovery. In this case, the patient was able to go home the day after the successful removal of multiple brain tumors.”
Right on, ucsdhealthsciences!
When one door closes, another opens; but we often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door that we do not see the one that has opened for us.Alexander Graham Bell